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Replicating mangosteen peel extract as a treatment for intestinal inflammation in humans and animals

Graphical abstract. Credit: Journal of Functional Foods (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2021.104814 A group of researchers in Thailand has replicated "Hydroxy-xanthones," the antioxidant-rich vital extracts found in mangosteen peels that kill germs and halt infections in the intestinal mucosa. Not only is mangosteen the queen of Thai fruits—a delicious and healthy fruit—but its peel is also abundant…

When humans gesture, they activate an ancient connection between movement and breathing

by Fabienne Salfner, Geisteswissenschaftliche Zentren Berlin e.V. (GWZ) Human gesture–speech biomechanics, and locomotor–respiratory–vocal coupling in a flying bat Credit: Pouw, W. & Fuchs, S. Researchers from Radboud University and ZAS Berlin have developed a new perspective on why humans often move their hands rhythmically during speaking. The perspective published in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, suggests…

Can We Predict Which Viruses Will Spread from Animals to Humans?

The natural world is a reservoir of plagues. At any moment, untold numbers of viruses circulate among animals. Inevitably, some will cross the species barrier, infecting people and making them sick. Scientists call such an event a “zoonotic spillover.” No one knows how often such spillovers happen—presumably, animal viruses are always establishing footholds that our…

Why animal teachers are so rare—and remarkable

AnimalsExplainerBiologists have a definition for teaching that very few animals actually meet, such as orcas and meerkats. Here are a few more from the head of the class.ByBrian HandwerkPublished August 31, 2022• 7 min readAnimals do all kinds of amazing things—and how they learn do to them has long intrigued scientists.Some knowledge is inherited: Monarch…