Zebrafish usp3 loss found to promote hypoxic tolerance

Zebrafish usp3 loss found to promote hypoxic tolerance

by KeAi Communications Co.

Zebrafish usp3 loss promotes hypoxic tolerance
HIF-1α can stabilize its protein through K63-linked polyubiquitination under hypoxia, stabilized HIF1α proteins dimerize with HIF1β proteins, translocate to the nucleus, and induce transcription of genes involved in adaptation or tolerance to hypoxia. USP3 deubiquitinates K63-linked polyubiquitination of HIF-1α to induce HIF-1α degradation and suppress hypoxia signaling. Credit: J. Li et al

Oxygen is an essential element for survival. Ocean warming, circadian rhythm, eutrophication, high-density aquaculture, power failures and long-distance live animal transportation can all lead to low oxygen levels in water. This reduction in oxygen can affect the health of aquatic animals, potentially leading to consequent ecological damage or economic loss.

The concentration of dissolved oxygen in water significantly impacts the survival, development, growth and population structure of fish. It is a key environmental factor that determines the success of aquaculture. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-mediated hypoxia signaling pathway plays a pivotal part in influencing hypoxia (insufficient oxygen) adaptation and tolerance.

Under hypoxic conditions, the activity of prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) decreases, leading to the stabilization and accumulation of HIFα proteins. Stabilized HIFα proteins dimerize with HIF1β proteins, translocate to the nucleus, and induce transcription of genes involved in adaptation or tolerance to hypoxia.

The factors that influence the hypoxia signaling pathway mainly affect the stability of the HIFα protein. Hence, identifying and analyzing the regulatory factors of hypoxia signaling pathway will help us understand the mechanism of hypoxia adaptation and hypoxia tolerance in fish.

Recently, a team of researchers in China found that the lack of ubiquitin-specific protease 3 (usp3) significantly enhanced the hypoxic capacity of , and revealed the mechanism of usp3 through inhibiting the hypoxic signaling pathway and hypoxic tolerance in zebrafish.

The team’s findings, published in the journal Water Biology and Security, revealed a novel function for usp3 in influencing hypoxia signaling and showed that tusp3-mediated HIF-1α degradation impairs hypoxia signaling, leading to a decrease in hypoxia tolerance.

“We found that the absence of ubiquitin-specific protease 3 (usp3) in zebrafish enhances hypoxia tolerance,” says Wuhan Xiao, co-corresponding author of the study. “Specifically, zebrafish usp3 binds exclusively to HIF-1αa and triggers its proteasomal degradation, a process contingent upon its deubiquitinase activity. This mechanism results in the attenuation of hypoxia signaling during .”

Furthermore, usp3 facilitates the deubiquitination of K63-polyubiquitinated HIF-1αa. Endogenous evidence supports that mammalian USP3 mirrors the regulatory role of zebrafish USP3 in modulating the activity of HIF-1α.

More information:
Jun Li et al, Zebrafish usp3 loss promotes hypoxic tolerance by disrupting deubiquitination of K63-polyubiquitinated hif-1αa, Water Biology and Security (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.watbs.2024.100245

Provided by
KeAi Communications Co.

Citation:
Zebrafish usp3 loss found to promote hypoxic tolerance (2024, January 29)
retrieved 30 January 2024
from https://phys.org/news/2024-01-zebrafish-usp3-loss-hypoxic-tolerance.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no
part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Read More

Leave a Reply